My Nursing Philosophy
My philosophy of nursing is based on improving the health needs of present and future societies throughout the world through caring for the individual. Jean Watson describes the nature of caring as both a philosophy and a science.
“Caring consists of carative factors. Watson’s 10 carative factors are: forming humanistic-altruistic value systems, instilling faith-hope, cultivating sensitivity to self and others, developing a helping-trust relationship, promoting an expression of feelings, using problem-solving for decision-making, promoting teaching-learning, promoting a supportive environment, assisting with gratification of human needs, and allowing for existential-phenomenological forces” (“Watson’s Caring Theory,” n.d., para. 10).
It is from this approach that I feel that nursing is most effective. It is a blend of the scientific method with the power of human interaction.
Watson’s model makes seven assumptions:
- “Caring can be effectively demonstrated and practiced only interpersonally.
- Caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human needs.
- Effective caring promotes health and individual or family growth.
- Caring responses accept the patient as he or she is now, as well as what he or she may become.
- A caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the patient to choose the best action for him or herself at a given point in time.
- A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing.
- The practice of caring is central to nursing.” (“Watson’s Caring Theory,” n.d., para. 7)
I believe the true power of nursing can be seen in Watson’s theory of caring. I believe healing and curing starts at the individual and is most effectively promoted at the nursing level through the combination of evidence based practice and caring relationships with the patient. It is through this holistic view that allows for the nurse to connect with each patient in a way that provides specific care plans based on the patients background, experience, understanding, and issues at a given point in time. Without the development of a caring relationship nursing becomes a blanket approach to care that misses the subtle nuances of the individual and as a result healing is compromised.
I extend my view of caring relationships to the health providers themselves. The same benefits are realized when team members establish caring relationships thus maximizing the benefit to the patient.
It is my goal to follow this philosophy in the course of my profession as a nurse in order to provide my patients a plan of care that not only addresses the medical issues but also the seeds of current and future growth and the realization of personal potential.
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